Holga aperture mod

First Shots from my Holga with Aperture Mod - JAY VERSLUI

First Shots from my Holga with Aperture Mod June 17, 2009 June 6, 2009 - by Jay Versluis. This is exciting: I've just scanned two rolls of film shot with my modded Holga 120SF! As I said yesterday, I always wanted a larger switchable aperture on Holga. Even in the slightest bit of shade, Holga pictures are too dark (that's 299 days of the. Holga Repair and Aperture Modificaiton: In this instructable, I completely disassemble my Holga 120CFN to remove a loose screw, and I add a smaller aperture as well. A screw had come loose from the flash circuit board and was rattling around above the board. It would occasionally short Holga Mod: Changing the Aperture Settings. photo demonstrating the new sunny aperture setting obtained by gluing a piece of black plastic over the aperture switch arm drilled to a diameter of 3.55 mm, giving me a minimum aperture of f/1 If you do it, please post results. This modification has long been on my 'to-do' list of Holga mods. I've heard -- and now I don't remember where, but if I find it, I'll post the link -- that folks haven't had good results with opening up the aperture

Sidebar: the lens on a Holga 120 camera. Amusingly, Holga also specifies this lens as being f/8 on the Holga 120 camera, with selectable f/11 for sunny daylight use.In fact, the lens on those cameras has an aperture plate that restricts it to about f/13, which brings infinity into the depth of field on the 6x6 film camera.On older Holga 120s, the sunny/cloudy selector had no effect; the. Holga Modification - do it yourself how to. here are the modifications i have done on my 2 holgas. the easy ones like no tape film spool, velcro sides, viewfinder mod, red window fix. more advance mods like the apeture mod and rewind film knob. Show more

I got this Holga 120S a while back and finally got around to trying some of the modifications that others have done to make them better cameras. So far this one has received the sunny-cloudy aperture mod and the stock 6x4.5 mask has been resized to 6x6. I've sprayed the interior surfaces with ultra flat black paint to minimize internal reflections A Holga 120 medium format plastic camera is all about simplicity. Purity. Inexpensive and fun. It doesn't have a lot of the bells and whistles of modern cameras. This is definitely true when it comes to shutter speed. Shutter speed on a camera is about the length of time a shutter stays open. If it stays open a long time, a lot of light comes. Metering: None. Aperture: f/8 & f/11. Shutter speeds: 1/100 + B. EV (100ISO) : 13-14. Filter: Push on. The 120N is the most basic of the plethora of late 120 Holgas and is the closest to the original with no built in flash, plastic lens and limited settings and acts as the base for most 120 models. And boy ! did Holga make models - a vast.

The Holga plastic lens offers a real single aperture somewhere between f8 and f11 (some say f9-f13), a shutter speed of about 1/100 sec, and four focusing distances from close-up (say, 3ft) to infinity. In most situations, 400 iso, whether color or B&W, will be your best friend Light Painting is one of my favorite things to do with Lomography and analogue cameras. All you will need is some type of light like a flashlight, and a came.. Then I went to Freestyle's site and saw that the new Holgas already have a tripod socket and bulb feature. So now it's down to whether I want closer focusing (2-feet vs. 3-feet) and/or a second aperture (as the Holga Mod folk say the cloudy slide on the Holga doesn't really result in a wider aperture than the sunny setting There's not much to be found on a Holga. It's a medium format scale focus camera equipped with a wide 60mm f/8 lens and a rotary shutter that stays fixed at about 1/100th of a second. Newer Holgas have added one additional aperture setting and a bulb mode, but the basic design remains virtually unchanged from its early, austere self

Holga Repair and Aperture Modificaiton : 9 Steps

An Introduction to Holga Photography. The Holga is a camera, first manufactured in China in 1981, made almost entirely of plastic, some even have plastic lenses. It was an invention intended for the Chinese consumer as a low-budget, everyday kind of camera for capturing family photos and portraits, but has since gathered a cult following According to Holga Direct, the aperture of the Holga lens is f8, although it seems darker than that to me. The aperture is fixed, and I had to use ISO settings of between 1600 and 3200 to get a shutter speed fast enough to hand-hold the camera and avoid camera shake The holga has two apertures, f/8 and f/13. Unfortunately, there is a slight design fault due to which the smaller aperture is always used. Google holga mods to find out how to fix it. The latest 120n (& maybe others) actually have working apertures

The Holga Plastic Toy Camera. Randy is able to fix the aperture flaw creating two useable apertures. I also have Randy modify the lens to focus as close as 2 feet. Randy's 35mm modification allows me to shoot 35mm film resulting in a panoramic-style image in which the image flows right over the film's sprocket holes the fixed aperture for the holga is not f11, but f13-ish. You can take the aperture out (just a washer)and measure it. I'm in the process of putting a fully adjustable aperture into my holga. (From an old canon 50mm 1.8 - don't worry, it was full of fungus) Of course, only f6-ish -f22 will be of any use, as the shutter window in the holga is so. The Holga is a medium format 120 film camera, made in Hong Kong, known for its low-fidelity aesthetic.. The Holga's low-cost construction and simple meniscus lens often yields pictures that display vignetting, blur, light leaks, and other distortions.The camera's limitations have brought it a cult following among some photographers, and Holga photos have won awards and competitions in art and. First Shots from my Holga with Aperture Mod. June 17, 2009 June 6, 2009 by Jay Versluis. This is exciting: I've just scanned two rolls of film shot with my modded Holga 120SF! As I said yesterday, I always wanted a larger switchable aperture on Holga. Even in the slightest bit of shade, Holga pictures are too dark (that's 299 days of the.

Most Holga cameras use a single-piece plastic meniscus lens with a focal length of 60 millimeters and can focus from about 1 meter/yard to infinity. There is an aperture switch on the camera with two settings: sunny and cloudy.Due to a manufacturing oversight in early production cameras, this switch had no effect, giving the Holga only one true aperture of around f/ 13 — although these. I shoot a couple rolls with a Holga every month. I got my tricked out Holga from Randy Smith's www.holgamods.com . For just a little bit more than a stock Holga, Randy offers some really useful customizations. His standard mods include: aperture modified to have f/8 or f/11 instead of just appro ^ Holga History Lomography.com ^ holgacamera.com, holga 120 PAN ^ Hahn, Mark The Authoritative Guide to Holga Tune-Up And Modifications ^ Even 2009 production 120N Holgas have been recorded as having no effective aperture switch. ^ Williamson, Paul The Holga's Aperture ^ a b c Hahn, Mark, The Authoritative Guide To Holga Tune-Up and Modification This white model is just like the traditional black Holga 120N. It's only the exterior that is painted white; the interior is all black. One big difference between this one and the Holga I got back in 2009 is that this model has a working aperture switch, unlike the older versions. There's still plenty of 120 film to be found online The beauty of the Holga lies in it's imperfections. Light leaks, film not lying flat and of course even with the selector a constant f/8 or so aperture. The Holga allows for multiple exposures and if you unscrew the lens and remove the aperture disc, you can get about f/4, though don't expect any sort of sharp focus

Holga Mod: Changing the Aperture Settings — · Lomograph

  1. g with a shutter and aperture unit, and a DIY medium-format camera made from sustainable cardboard. US$59.00. Preorder Now. LomoMod No.1 Purple Film Kit. Forget red, paint the town purple with the LomoMod No.1, the ultimate DIY cardboard camera, and our trippiest film ever, the LomoChrome Purpl
  2. It is a Twin Lens Reflex that uses Instax Mini film and was the first mass-market Instax camera to feature an adjustable aperture. The InstantFlex was followed up by the InstantFlex TL70 2.0 in 2016. The 2.0 provides a brighter focusing screen and more stable shutter and aperture mechanism, and a larger magnifier
  3. Holga 120N Medium Format Film Camera (Black) B&H # HO120N MFR # 144120. 163 Reviews. Key Features. Classic Toy Camera. 60mm f/8 Plastic Lens. Zone Focusing System. Shutter Speeds: 1/100 sec. and Bulb. Available in other Styles, Configurations & Kits

Holga Aperature Modifications Photo

Modifying a Holga DSLR lens to really be f/8: Digital

New camera Holga 6x12 Pan, New Photographs. I got a new camera recently, a Holga 6x12 Panoramic Camera, as with all of my Holgas I had it modified by my friend Randy The Holga Mods Guy . Make sure and check out his 6x12 page to see what my camera looks like,the Holga Lens one as he calls it, mine is pretty much like the red one pictured The Holga has a fixed aperture and only 2 shutter speed selections (other than 'B' if you mod it) so be careful with exposure. negative film should give you the latitude you need. As far as i know, Cathay Photo sells the 120 film slightly cheaper than Ruby, at least in bulk but frankly, a holga isn't a very good intrduction to medium format

Holga Modification - do it yourself how to Flick

  1. The Holga Digital is a high-quality glass optic with F2.8 and F8.0 aperture setting to fit different environment and situation. The first Holga Digital Toy Camera. 2
  2. Now, the Holga, on the other hand, is wonderful. Just using the Holga with 120 film yields some pretty cool results. I love the Diana cameras too. Holga also comes in a 35mm format, for those wishing to stick with 35mm film. I like the 6X6 myself
  3. *(published aperture figures f/8 and f/11, see text above) Links. My Sets on Flickr taken with the 135BC Holga 135BC Review on The Plastic Lens Holga Aperture Mod Holga 135BC Flickr group Holga 135BC Lomography Microsite (which is full of shit, and they are asking £49 for it in the shop, when it is about £35 most other places
  4. Holga 35mm mod Website and or Blog. History Of Photography Types Of Photography Photography Courses Photography Tutorials Vintage Photography Aperture And Shutter Speed Wet Plate Collodion Alternative Photography Photo Class. Wet-Plate Collodion Process - Ambrotypes - AlternativePhotography.com

Holga Mods I got this Holga 120S a while back and

Shutter Speed on Holga 120 - Holga Photograph

  1. The Holga has 2 aperture settings, labled as cloudy or sunny, which are so poor, they usually make little if any difference in exposure; a fixed lens; 4 focusing distances, labled as: individual (3ft), small group (6ft), large group (18ft) or mountains (30ft - infinity); 2 shutter settings, approximately 1/60 sec or bulb; it also comes with 2.
  2. The Holga lens just seems to flare rather than glow, in my experience. In other words, I think the Diana is bad in a good way and the Holga is bad in a bad way, if that makes any sense. That said, I have done a fair bit of work with the Holga, but ever since I obtained a clutch of Dianas, the Holgas have been gathering dust
  3. This is the WHITE Holga 120N. It's blank body is perfect to mod out with paint or permanent markers - make this camera your own! Features: Uses 120 medium format film 2 film masks for either 12- 6x6 cm images or 16- 6x4.5cm images Normal shutter setting 1/100 of a second and bulb shutter setting 2 aperture settings, f/11 for sunny, f/8 for cloudy Hot-shoe adapter Standard Tripod Mount Lens cap.

Holga 120N Review : End of a (Plastic) Era - Canny Camera

Using the Holga is an exercise in breaking free from dependence on technology, precision and controllability. The slight softness of the images, vignetting and random light leaks produce dream-like, one-of-a kind images. The Holga 120FN is modeled after the original Holga 120N released in 1982 but includes a built in flash Really great I love Holga mods like this. Because yours produces such wide negs, I bet you could mod your mod to make a stereographic anaglyphic or dual lens 3D camera. 3D for everyone! And using mpap89's Free Film Hack you could experiment endlessly. Good i'bl

This is the WHITE Holga 120N. It's blank body is perfect to mod out with paint or permanent markers - make this camera your own! Features: Uses 120 medium format film. 2 film masks for either 12- 6x6 cm images or 16- 6x4.5cm images. Normal shutter setting 1/100 of a second and bulb shutter setting. 2 aperture settings, f/11 for sunny, f/8 for. Further thoughts on my discovery of the Holga. One of my very first Holga shots. Format : So it's plastic, with a plastic lens, and the back is held on by tape, and it shoots film. Not just any film, mind you. My Holga also shoots 120 roll film - not even the easiest film format to get your hands on - although there's also a 35mm. Holga (and Umbrellas) - a 5 Frames mini-review - By Zac Lukins. People on film photography forums and around the internet go on and on about the virtue of medium format, they will say the larger negatives take my photography to another level or you don't get the same 3D pop with 35mm or the ubiquitous it slows me down to.

Mar. 17, 2011. Otto Kitchens has found the perfect camera for an imperfect world: a plastic Holga. Although the black box with the lousy lens is dismissed by some as a distortion-prone, light-leaking toy, it is also beloved by Mr. Kitchens, who has embraced the Japanese aesthetic of wabi-sabi: finding beauty amid everyday flaws Modified a Holga 120 Pan to use a Schneider Angulon 90mm f/6.8 (~108x24mm with the 135 mask). Built a 6×17 camera to use a Schneider Super Angulon 90mm f/8 MC (no 35mm yet but I will find a way) I've considered and avoided Widepans, Horizons and Noblexes, which leaves only one, well, two choices for purpose-built 35mm wide-format photography When these cameras only sell for $20, one can think of it in the same mind as a Holga, only you get sharp pictures, actual aperture control, and you won't be a trendwhore. (Yet) Oh yeah, and the automatic mode still works, as long as it doesn't decide that it needs to go down to the 1/40th range SUMMARY The Holga has an interesting reputation. Students, amateurs and some professional photographers consider the Holga more of an art camera than a practical shooter. This cheap, all-plastic (including the lens) camera is made in China and has taken up where the classic Diana left off. Officially considered a toy camera the Holga i

Street Photography with a Holga INSPIRED EY

The Holga 120FN! Still retaining all of those fabulous and unique features that made the Holga 120SF world famous, this updated model, the Holga 120FN, takes Holga photography to the next level. New features include a standard tripod mount (1/4-20) and bulb selector for extra long exposures LomoMod. A flat-packed, customizable medium-format cardboard camera to build from the bottom up, plus a lens you can fill with liquid alongside a shutter & aperture module for endless experimentation - let your creative spirit run wild The Holga is a great camera for the medium format beginner. Yes it's cheap, yes the lens is wonky, yes there is vignetting around the edges BUT if you are looking for a dream like quality to your pictures that don't need to be produced using a photoshop like program, then the Holga is def for you May 2, 2019 - Explore George Irrgang's board holga, followed by 199 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about holga, lomography, photography

Holga Mod by RKHobbs on DeviantArt

Jul 22, 2020 - Explore Terri Caruso's board Holga images on Pinterest. See more ideas about holga, lomography, photography Holga. The Holga is a plastic camera for 120 film, whose design originated in Hong Kong in 1981. While many countries produced basic 120 snapshot cameras in the decades before this, the Holga's low-tech approachability and artfully-flawed optics have elevated it to a particular cult status today The Mamiya C33 INSTAX mod The Mamiya C33 with one of the Instax Mini Monochrome sheets it produced! Mamiya C series TLRs, which is known for its outstanding design and function, was produced in the late 1960s, and has the option of interchangeable lens. In fact, it is the only mass produced TLR system camera Use a Holga camera. Here are some tips about the Holga camera. The Holga is a plastic camera that takes unique, distorted pictures. This instructional photography video is good for people who just got their Holga camera and want to learn some photographer's tricks. Want to master Microsoft Excel and take your work-from-home job prospects to the.

Holga 120 CFN Light Painting - YouTub

  1. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums
  2. It does move an aperture plate over the back of the lens, which is meant to make the aperture smaller, or bigger. It's hard to say. Either way, owing to a very strange piece of engineering design the Holga's aperture plate makes absolutely no difference to the aperture size. I admire that level of persistence with futility. Focu
  3. Holga Lens for Canon EF Mount. For those of you not in the know, a Holga is a toy camera - it's a plastic camera body, with a plastic lens, that retails for around $25. It uses 120 film - taking a 6cm x 6cm image. The pictures taken with it tend to be very unpredictable, with lots of blurriness (it's hard to focus precisely, and.
  4. ในภาพคือกล้อง Holga 120N Tags: โลโม , โลโมกราฟี , ้holga , holga120n , holgamodify , lomo , lomography , mod , modify November 200
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URUAVUR4 Lipo Killer Discharger MOD . by Kerni_FPV Mar 27, 2019 . 10 16 0. MOD-t Filament Spool Hack . by awc1002 Dec 15, 2016 . 10 15 1. Extruder Carriage V2 | Prusa i3 Hephestos Holga Sunny Aperture Replacement Arm and Custom Bokeh . by thistof Jun 10, 2016 . 8 10 0. Ikea hack: Mulig shelving unit proRoomba. The Holga camera was initially introduced to the Chinese public in 1982 as an inexpensive camera for everyday use. Shortly after its introduction, it became an underground artistic phenomena. Using the Holga is an exercise in breaking free from dependence on technology, precision, and controllability. The sharp cente Aperture: f/11 to f/32. Liquid-Filled Sutton lens Module. The LomoMod No.1 Camera from Lomography is a medium format film camera you build from the bottom up. It is made from sustainable cardboard, and the camera draws its inspiration from the traditions of origami and Sashimono carpentry. Included are 11 cardboard cutout sheets, an aperture. While I wasn't looking, The fine folks at Holga began producing their own SLR lenses in Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Panasonic, Pentax and Sony mounts. This is good news for me, because I have the Holgamods version of this lens, and well, it leaves a lot to be desired. Holga HL-N, a 60mm f/8.0 Toy lens for Nikon DSLRs

Holga confusion Photrio

Holga Medium Format Camera Review - Still Worth It, or

Okay okay, holga's are functional cameras. vignetting is a nice touch to it. but i hate the part where you gotta shove pieces of the film box to make the spool tight LOL. don't even think of using the strap, i almost lost my roll of film cause the strap is connected to the pins that keep the camera back in place Simpler mods, such as shooting 35mm with the Debonair, or adding filters, can be found on the FPP Flickr group. The images. The Plastic Filmtastic 120 Debonair gives you sixteen 4.5 x 6 cm images to a roll of 120 film. The pictures are portrait format, so if you want an image in landscape mode you have to turn the camera 90 degrees and shoot

The Cresta 3 offer 2 apertures. The consensus is that these are f/11 and f/16 but the camera is believed to be marked by Exposure Values (EV) not apertures. From what I've read most cameras are marked 12 & 13 which makes sense using 100 ISO film and with a 1/40 shutter (e.g f/11 & 1/40 = EV12 at 100ISO) The main problems were horizontal film scratches, huge light leaks that obliterated large areas of the image and ultra soft focus or even totally blurry images. I realised that my Holga didn't come with any film masks as I bought it 2nd hand from eBay so my 1st mod was to make my own mask which I guessed the size of by measuring the mask in. This is the WHITE Holga 120N. It's blank body is perfect to mod out with paint or permanent markers - make this camera your own! Features: Uses 120 medium format film 2 film masks for either 12- 6x6 cm images or 16- 6x4.5cm images Normal shutter setting 1/100 of a second and bulb shutter settin Yesterday I had the opportunity to shoot some more IR film with the Holga using the HOYA brand R72 IR filter. Success!!! They turned out way over exposed, but that's a huge improvement over the last roll using the Opteka filter. I used shutter speeds at about 1-4 seconds and got negs that were extremely dense

An Introduction to Holga Photograph

You could mod a 10 year old old Hasselblad/Mamiya/? 6x6 back onto a Holga but even those backs are still worth plenty of $ I think. Enough that you'd want a Hasselblad or a Mamiya to go with them. Lot of trouble when 'Hipstamatic' is $5 or so. ;). That said, I'd love to build a digital rangefinder camera from a 70s era rangefinder Step 1: Tools. There are only really a few tools needed to strip down a Lomo LC-A and you probably have most of them already. For this I used a cross-head jewelers screwdriver, size 00, a couple of flat headed ones, size 4 and 5, some handy tweezers for positioning screws, a couple of cotton buds, a bamboo skewer with one end cut into a screwdriver blade shape and some iso propyl alcohol The Holga really only has one shutter speed around 1/125 and the maximum aperture is somewhere around 13, so I had to shove a red filter with a filter factor of 5 on the front to get to the right amount of light. And although I was winging it on a crappy plastic camera, the exposure worked just fine and I was even surprised with the pictures.. On most consumer zoom lenses, the lowest aperture is typically f/3.5, while on prime and professional zoom lenses, it can be between f/1.2 and f/2.8. Once the aperture is set to the lowest value, take a picture of your subject and take a look at the rear LCD of your camera. The subject should be in focus, while the background is blurred The Holga Digital camera features original optics that are known for their dark corners and vivid colors. In addition, a lens adapter allows existing Holga lenses to be used with Holga Digital. It features F2.8 and F8.0 two-stop aperture settings, 4:3 and 1:1 aspect ratios, an 8MP 1/3.2 CMOS sensor, hot shoe, and tripod mount

Exploring Hunky Holga Lenses on your DSL

Which brings me to the main drawback in Holga photography, the expense of developing and printing/scanning 120 film. The cheapest I can find is £10 for developing and scans, or developing and prints. Still with a prosumer DSLR costing £1000, you can afford a fair few films for that price Unlike the Holga HL-N, this lens is made primarily for the Diana F+ film camera, with the added plus that it can be used with an SLR with a simple adapter. However, on a full-frame DSLR the adapter/lens combination makes for a compact setup, with the f/11 aperture being part of the adapter itself

The Kodak Brownie Hawkeye was one of a long list of cameras called Brownie that Kodak manufactured beginning in 1900 and lasting throughout most of the 20th Century. The Hawkeye model debuted in 1949 and production lasted through 1951. In 1950, however, Kodak introduced the Flash model which lasted through 1961 soft focus mod fully open by Mike Kanssen, on Flickr Closing the aperture gets rid of the glow within a couple of stops. Using a close up filter as a lens will give you another extreme toy, & projector lenses are also good candidates to play with. SLRMagic and Holga branded stuff on eBay Many photographers that run a more Apple centric system will clearly remember Apple's digital asset management (DAM) software, Aperture. It was the first program that worked effectively as DAM and a RAW editor in one package. It was soon joined by Adobe Lightroom and together the two revolutionised the post-production workflows of many photographers. Sadly Apple decided to discontinue. A newcomer to photography is often daunted by the different exposure modes a camera may offer. In fact, there are only four, real exposure modes and these are often represented by the word PASM. PASM stands for Program, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority and Manual and can by found (not always in that order) on the exposure mode dial on top of your camera. Today, rather than give you an in.

The final camera used for this shoot is a Stealth Holga from HolgaMods. I had always wanted to try my hand at lomography but was aware of the different quirks, idiosyncrasies and faults of the cameras, that is until I found HolgaMods where Holgas are fixed up to actually work (with both apertures!) and even calibrated with a close focusing mod Holga with 120-IB Instax back (with add-on viewfinder and Neutral density filter) Jules (French Bouledogue). Holga camera with defective shutter. A few weeks ago, I wanted to have a feel for the Instant film phenomenon, and I mounted an Instax Mini back (the Holga 120-IB) on the Holga 120 CFN I had brough with me to Rome a few years back. I. With a MOD [Minimum Object Distance] of 0.15m at the wide end and a maximum magnification ratio of 1:2, this lens performs astonishingly well in its category when shooting up close. It is equipped with Tamron's proprietary VC [Vibration Compensation] mechanism that supports stable photography even at ultra-telephoto focal lengths

I want to buy a Holga, what do I need to know? : photograph

Leica Camera AG (/ ˈ l aɪ k ʌ /) is a German company that manufactures cameras, optical lenses, photographic lenses, binoculars, rifle scopes and microscopes.The company was founded by Ernst Leitz in 1869 (Ernst Leitz Wetzlar), in Wetzlar, Germany.In 1986, the Leitz company changed its name to Leica, due to the fame of the Leica trade-name.The name Leica is derived from the first three. 4.5 out of 5 stars. (427) 427 product ratings - Canon AE-1 SLR 35mm Film Camera With Canon 50/1.4 Lens. $100.00. $19.00 shipping. 29 bids ·. Ending Friday at 5:51PM PDT. Ended You can use bulb mode by choosing manual mode or shutter priority, then start scrolling your selector wheel all the way to the end of the shutter speeds. After 25″ (25 seconds), 30″, it will show bulb or simply the letter b on some cameras. Now you're in bulb mode. This means the camera will keep taking a picture until your.

A choice between f/8 or f/11, or cloudy and sunny, aperture settings is available, along with 1/100 sec. or bulb shutter speed settings and a zone focus system for focusing as close as 3' away. A tripod mount is incorporated into the base of the camera for stable long exposure shooting and a top hot shoe accepts optional electronic flashes Top/best android Camera apps in 2020. Features, Download Links. Best Camera apps for Android platform. Top free Camera apps are mentioned here Also notable is the 5X-optical-zoom lens, which now starts at a wide 24mm at F2.0 and zooms to 120mm; at the telephoto end, however, the maximum aperture stops down to F5.9