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Which statement best represents a change in philosophy regarding the civil rights movement in 1960s

Which statement best represents a change in philosophy regarding the civil rights movement in the 1960s? the black panther party called for racial and economic equality. the black power movement believed that african americans could solve their own problems. malcolm x parted ways with the nation of islam, which believed that violence was necessary. martin luther king, jr. called for nonviolent protests Correct answers: 1 question: Which statement best represents a change in philosophy regarding the civil rights movement in the 1960s? A) The Black Panther Party called for racial and economic equality. B) The Black Power movement believed that African Americans could solve their own problems. C) Malcolm X parted ways with the Nation of Islam, which believed that violence was necessary. D. Answers: 1 on a question: Which statement best represents a change in philosophy regarding the civil rights movement in the 1960s? A) The Black Panther Party called for racial and economic equality. B) The Black Power movement believed that African Americans could solve their own problems. C) Malcolm X parted ways with the Nation of Islam, which believed that violence was necessary. D) Martin.

  1. During the period from the end of World War II until the late 1960s, often referred to as America's Second Reconstruction, the nation began to correct civil and human rights abuses that had lingered in American society for a century. A grassroots civil rights movement coupled with gradual but progressive actions by Presidents, the federal courts, and Congress eventually provided more.
  2. The Modern Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1964. In the greatest mass movement in modern American history, black demonstrations swept the country seeking constitutional equality at the national level, as well as an end to Massive Resistance (state and local government-supported opposition to school desegregation) in the South
  3. ation. Explain the views do malcolm x in regards to integration
  4. al threats to public safety, achieving crime control, and maintaining social order are known as ____________
  5. ate racial.
  6. 16 inspiring quotes from the civil rights movement. China's Electric Car Capital Has Lessons for the Rest of World. Stock futures open higher as S&P 500 looks to add to record. Most Comfortable.

The Brown decision fueled violent resistance during which Southern states evaded the law. The Montgomery bus boycott began a campaign of nonviolent civil disobedience to protest segregation that attracted national and international attention. Media coverage of the use of fire hoses and attack dogs against protesters and bombings and riots in Birmingham compelled Kennedy to act, sending a civil. Civil Rights protests expanded in the 1960s to include sit-ins and the famous March on Washington in 1963. The Black Power Movement pushed the wider action to include racial dignity, economic and political self-sufficiency, and freedom from oppression by white Americans

The Civil Rights Movement And The Second Reconstruction

Background. The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement (sometimes referred to as the African-American Civil Rights Movement, though the term African American was not widely used in the 1950s and '60s) encompasses social movements in the United States aimed at ending racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and securing legal recognition and federal. The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the 1950s and 1960s for Black Americans to gain equal rights under the law in the United States During the 1950s and 1960s, a number of important civil rights activities occurred that helped position the civil rights movement for greater recognition. They also led either directly or indirectly to the passage of key legislation. Following is an overview of the major legislation, Supreme Court cases, and activities that occurred in the.

Martin Luther King Jr. fought for civil rights for Negroes in the 1960s, in contrast to Rawls who did not have a specific target group in mind with his social contract theory. It is fascinating.. The admission of new western states to the union in the post-Civil War era created a new voting bloc, and both parties were vying for its attention. Related: Busted: 6 Civil War myth

The Du Bois philosophy of agitation and protest for civil rights flowed directly into the Civil Rights movement which began to develop in the 1950's and exploded in the 1960's In 1964, Burnham was a young civil rights activist working in the Deep South, where three of her colleagues disappeared as victims of the Mississippi Burning murders by members of the Ku Klux Klan. As a lawyer, she represented fellow activists on behalf of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and in 2010 she headed a team that settled a federal lawsuit in which. Understood as a requirement for civil disobedience, it can be found in both Gandhi's writings and in Hugo Bedau's account of civil disobedience, written at the time of the Civil Rights Movement, in the early 1960s. For Gandhi, 'Disobedience to be civil has to be open and non-violent' The American civil rights movement has benefited from the contributions of various individuals and organizations that have employed a variety of strategies. In the early and mid 1960s under the leadership of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. the movement achieved breakthrough victories using non-violent civil disobedience

1)In all together now, Barbara Jordan's main purpose is to a)persuade readers that a tolerant society is best created by working on a small scale. b)inform readers of the civil rights movement in the United States. c)praise the work of the leaders of the . History. which of the following was a significant part of the civil rights movement? a. Martin Luther King organized and led many marches for the voting right of blacks, desegregation, labor rights and other basic civil rights. His efforts bore fruit when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 1965 Voting Rights Act were passed and most of these rights were enacted into law. Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Civil Rights movement of the 1960s galvanized African Americans and sympathetic whites as nothing had ever done before, but was not without cost. Thousands of people were jailed because they defied Jim Crow laws. Others were murdered, and homes and churches were bombed. People lost their jobs and their homes because they supported the movement Participants were queried as to reasons they volunteered, what they expected, their attitudes regarding race and politics, and subsequent attitudes regarding civil rights, violence, and social change. This information is valuable for those studying the civil rights movement and sociological aspects of American reformers. LETTERS AND DIARIE The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, often pronounced / s n ɪ k / SNIK) was the principal channel of student commitment in the United States to the civil rights movement during the 1960s. Emerging in 1960 from the student-led sit-ins at segregated lunch counters in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Nashville, Tennessee, the Committee sought to coordinate and assist direct-action.

A hippie, also spelled as hippy, is a member of the counterculture of the 1960s, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world. The word hippie came from hipster and was used to describe beatniks who moved into New York City's Greenwich Village, San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district, and Chicago's Old Town. In terms of aims black power and the non-violent civil rights movement had much in common. Both wanted to uplift their race politically and economically. Unlike non-violence its reach was deeper fundamentally changing black culture. At black power's core were black unity, self-determination and pride in black culture The American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) was a biblically based movement that had significant social and political consequences for the United States.Black clergymen such as the Reverends Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Joseph Lowery, Wyatt T. Walker, Fred Shuttlesworth, and numerous others relied on religious faith strategically applied to solve America's obstinate racial. Civil Rights Movement In the early 1960s, the fundamental prize sought by the Civil Rights Movement was something that African Americans had never known: full legal equality. When John F. Kennedy became president in 1961, African Americans throughout much of the South were denied the right to vote, barred from public facilities, subjected to. Education played a very important part in post-1945 civil rights history. Much time and effort was spent on education - the belief being that in a democracy it was only right and fair that all people regardless of skin colour should have the right to a decent education

Martin Luther King, Jr. was a well-known civil rights activist who had a great deal of influence on American society in the 1950s and 1960s. His strong belief in nonviolent protest helped set the tone of the movement. Boycotts, protests and marches were eventually effective, and much legislation was passed against racial discrimination Quotes tagged as civil-rights Showing 1-30 of 500. People demand freedom of speech as a compensation for the freedom of thought which they seldom use.. Our civil rights have no dependence on our religious opinions any more than our opinions in physics or geometry.... For the master's tools will never dismantle the master's. Civil Rights: The Ricci v. DeStefano case is a U.S. Supreme Court case that was decided in June, 2009 and raises concerns regarding the steps employers may take in situations where the avoidance of discrimination against one group may imply discrimination against another group Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first such legislation since Reconstruction, giving the attorney general greater authority to handle interference with school desegregation; the Civil Rights Act also establishes a new Civil Rights Commission and provides that suits regarding black disfranchisement be heard in federal courts.

Kennedy put political realism before any form of beliefs when he voted against Eisenhower's 1957 Civil Rights Act.The route from bill to act nearly served to tear apart the Republicans and the Democrats were almost united to a politician in their opposition to the bill/act. Kennedy had aspirations to be the Democrats next presidential candidate in the 1960 election The Free Southern Theater was a Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) initiative that wanted to bring theatrical performance to rural communities in the deep Southeastern United States. To interpret the critical praxis and broader analytical importance of the Free Southern Theater, we develop and apply two conceptual frameworks: radical placemaking and epistemic violence/justice A new Civil Rights Act, which would prove to be the most effective civil rights legislation in U.S. history, was signed into law in July 1964. In late autumn, King was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace. Civil rights, guarantees of equal social opportunities and equal protection under the law regardless of race, religion, or other personal characteristics. Examples of civil rights include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to a public education, and the right to use public facilities

The Modern Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1964 - Civil Rights

  1. The ACLU dares to create a more perfect union — beyond one person, party, or side. Our mission is to realize this promise of the United States Constitution for all and expand the reach of its guarantees
  2. SCLC's greatest contribution to the civil rights movement was a series of highly publicized protest campaigns in Southern cities during the early 1960s. These protests were intended to create such public disorder that local white officials and business leaders would end segregation in order to restore normal business activity
  3. Malcolm's initial hostility toward the expanding civil rights protest movement at times extended beyond verbal attacks to include opportunistic overtures to the white opponents of civil rights. As had Marcus Garvey during the 1920s, Malcolm represented the Nation of Islam in a meeting with the Ku Klux Klan representatives, seeking to arrange.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., one of the most respected and remembered leaders during the Civil Rights movement, was born into a pastor's family of the Ebenezer Baptist church in Atlanta Georgia in 1929. King attended segregated public schools in Georgia and graduated from high school at 15 Women's rights movement - Women's rights movement - Successes and failures: Despite such dissension in its leadership and ranks, the women's rights movement achieved much in a short period of time. With the eventual backing of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1965), women gained access to jobs in every corner of the U.S. economy, and employers with long histories of.

Civil Rights Review Flashcards Quizle

  1. It goes back at least as far as Pericles and his account of why the Athenian state preferred to operate out in the open. Understood as a requirement for civil disobedience, it can be found in both Gandhi's writings and in Hugo Bedau's account of civil disobedience, written at the time of the Civil Rights Movement, in the early 1960s
  2. Early black activists disagreed over how to best rectify the situation. W.E.B. Du Bois wanted to use the courts to beef up the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, to secure basic rights of citizenship and voting. This push for equality was known as the Niagara Movement, named for the mighty current of change that swept over Niagara Falls.. Du Bois was a co-founder of the NAACP, the.
  3. ded New England academics, the civil rights movement was a laudable reform effort -- for the South. The attitudes toward race of a famous, dead, white scientist and artist were the.
  4. My Soul is Rested: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement in the Deep South, Howell Raines. 4. Stride Toward Freedom, Martin Luther King. 5. Parting the Waters, America in the King Years 1954-1963, Taylor Branch. 6. Documentary History of the Modern Civil Rights Movement, by Peter Levy. 7

Intro to Criminal Justice Final Flashcards Quizle

Organizations of the Civil Rights Movemen

16 inspiring quotes from the civil rights movemen

  1. Equality of Opportunity therefore pays considerable attention to the tradition of civil rights established in the 1960s and developments within the disability community during the 1970s and 1980s. Especially important for the ADA's success was the emergence of a disability rights movement molded in the image of the movements that preceded it.
  2. Despite the historical discussion that has taken place regarding the issue, the debate is very much present in modern-day Amerikkka. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s has been studied for the conflicting approaches regarding civil disobedience, with the contrasting stances of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X often being highlighted
  3. ence only to Martin Luther King Jr. as the voice of the black freedom struggleBaldwin had established himself as one of the [civil rights] movement's leading champions, and Buckley was known to be one of its most vociferous critics, but [Cambridge] Union officials hoped the motion ['The American dream is at the expense of the American.
  4. The historical type has been the social-gospel model, the mode of Black churches that produced social movement activism (e.g., helping trade union organization), civic-uplift activism, and civil rights activism uses of African-American religious patterns from early 1900s through the 1960s
  5. Civil Society. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Civil society (from the Latin civilis societas) is the realm of independent activity and voluntary association that is not organized by the state.The origin of the term is often traced to the Scottish Enlightenment philosopher Adam Ferguson (1723 - 1816) and his Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767). Ferguson saw the new commercial civilization then.
  6. g Union.

Civil Rights Era (1950-1963) - The Civil Rights Act of

Fight for the Right: The Quest for Republican Identity in the Postwar Period Item men Regarding the earlier history of a social movement, the Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 was the prime movement initiative taken by the mass people of East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh) against the mass genocide on 25 March 1971 and army regime of West Pakistan where the civil intelligentsia played an enormously significant role accomplishing. THE EXPANSION OF SPEECH PROTECTIONS FROM THE 1950s TO THE 1970s. As a result of a series of Supreme Court opinions beginning after World War I and proceeding into the Civil Rights era of the 1950s and 1960s and the Vietnam War era of the 1960s and 1970s, the scope of free speech rights continued to expand Jones's color-blind vision may have been radical in the southern context in the 1940s, but the civil rights movement, having secured legal rights, went beyond that to celebrate racial difference. Moreover, much research has shown that a mantra of color blindness often blinds whites to both explicit and subtle structural inequalities

Furthering the Civil Rights Movement Boundless US Histor

Rights and Research: Institutional Change and Student Activism at SIU Carbondale Parry also argues that Kennedy's concept of federalism strongly influenced his actions regarding civil rights. He compares the movement of the 1960s to earlier failed attempts in the 1920s to unite Protestants under a militant and restrictive vision. And while the merit system has a genuinely good idea behind it, there is still basis for concern regarding the ultimate movement toward corruption. In either case, the reform acts brought about by the government regarding civil service have continued to rise up for the benefits of the public service workers Once America's image seemed secure, Cold War concerns dropped out as one of the factors encouraging civil rights reform. (252.) Dudziak is at her best in demonstrating how reformism ruled federal schemes regarding civil rights. She is less successful in explaining how the discourse of racial legal equality was related to capitalism After first resisting efforts to bring these missionary approaches to the United States, CGM founder Donald McGavran embraced their use in the wake of the civil rights movement. During the 1970s, the CGM defined white Americans as a people akin to castes or tribes in the Global South The Civil Rights Act of 1964 had prohibited the transfer of federal dollars to segregated schools, thus setting a standard for subsequent programs. The NDEA's provision of financial aid directly to students rather than to institutions had settled arguments that federal student aid would jeopardize the separation of church and state

The Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement Boundless US

As for your lack of memory regarding the legislative and executive ignoring the dictates of SCOTUS you need look no further back in history than the same civil rights era you point to. Most of the opinions regarding civil rights emanating from the Warren court were flatly ignored for years Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation.It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

This is shown in this comment from DuBois regarding Booker T. Washington: He (Washington) is striving nobly to make Negro artisans business men and property-owners; but it is utterly impossible, under modern competitive methods, for workingmen and property-owners to defend their rights and exist without the right of suffrage (DuBois 68) The changes that have swept America the past forty years, from the fruits of the civil rights movement to the cultural changes wrought by the women's rights movement, have been dramatic indeed. It is hard to think of any other society in the history of the world that has been so profoundly changed in so short a time The New York State Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence (OPDV) provides general information on domestic violence, including New York State domestic violence referral resources and training and technical assistance for personnel working in the following arenas: Child Protective Services/Child Welfare, Community Coordination, Corrections, Courts, Police, Parole, Probation, Public. One historical event I wish I could have been a part of would the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement was a time period of change in the United States. This movement went on from the 1950s-1960s. It was time period for change and equality for African Americans. African Americans have always been treated poorly and the civil rights.

The civil rights movement of the 1960s served as a catalyst, increasing the rate of change. Though change is still painfully slow, without Dr. King and the many other participants in the civil rights movement, people would be nowhere nearly as equal as they are. That said, there is still much work to be done No account of Black history in America is complete without an examination of the rivalry between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, which in the late 19th to early 20th centuries changed the. Civil Rights Movement took place, early in 1950s through 1960s.There were a lot of different leaders who stood up and tried to change and fight against the government system. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the famous leaders who were against majority of the population and the government to receive equality Though a watershed in American history and human rights, one of the most strategic events in the civil rights movement cannot be found in records documenting its vast historiography. The integration of Alabama's delegation to the 1968 Democratic National Convention not only provided the first seating of an African American delegate to a national convention from the state, but also proved. The best way that system can honor and commemorate the civil rights attorneys together with people whom they represen ted is by showing the centrality of their struggles in US history, therefore the ways in which their accomplishments touched the life of Us americans. 2 The choice rendered by america Supreme Court on 17, 1954, was one for the.

Nor would I accept the idea that the anti-Civil Rights movement of the 1960s falls squarely and only on the back of the modern Democratic party. I would in a sense reject Dinesh D'Souza's theory and fully reject any theory that tried to equate modern Democrats with old Democrats without noting what has change The society believed that the ultimate aim of the civil rights movement was the creation of a Soviet Negro Republic in the southeastern United States and opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, claiming it violated the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and overstepped individual states' rights to enact laws regarding civil rights During the 1960s, The John Birch Society opposed aspects of the Civil Rights Movement because of concerns that the movement had a number of Communists in important positions and because they. Nobody knows all of what King was up to besides serving as a racial agitator. We do know that he fathered children out of wedlock, beat up prostitutes, ran naked through one of the fanciest hotels in Stockholm, while being honored with the Nobel P..

Stokely Carmichael - Civil Rights Movement, SNCC & Speech

Women and the Civil Rights Movement James Meredith Massive Resistance Smith Act southern blacks and the communist party Truman's Committee on Civil Rights use of Federal Courts Greensboro, NC CORE/Freedom Rides John Kennedy and blacks SNCC Mississippi Summer Executive Order 9835 World Events regarding communism Anti Colonialism in Africa Joseph. As King rightly understood, civil disobedience may only be undertaken: (1) for the right reasons; (2) in the right spirit; and (3) by the right people. â White America must recognize that justice for black people cannot be achieved without radical changes in the structure of our society,â informed by â a radical revolution of values.â The â black revolution â ¦ is forcing America to. Acceptable thesis statements must explicitly make a historically defensible, evaluative claim regarding the extent of change in ideas about American independence from 1763 to 1783. Acceptable examples: • From 1763 to 1783 colonial ideas about American independence changed from just questioning British policies to calling for revolution

The Democrats started the Ku Klux Klan to lynch and terrorize blacks. The Democrats fought to prevent the passage of every civil rights law beginning with the civil rights laws of the 1860s, and continuing with the civil rights laws of the 1950s and 1960s This is not a civil rights issue, despite its framing by the gay rights movement. Err, actually, it is precisely a civil rights issue. Loving vs. Virginia (has to be one of the most aptly named Supreme Court cases, ever) made it clear that marriage is indeed a civil rights issue. And f8x, I do appreciate your willingness to engage on this topic

There is a distinction between a protester and a looter. I join the protesters in their advocation for equal treatment of all before the law. It's a national shame that in spite of the protections embodied in the 14th Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that our nation has failed to live up to the standard of everyone being granted the same rights before the law Occupy Wall Street is the latest Yankee social movement: It comes in the tradition of the women's suffrage movement, the temperance movement, the eugenics movement, the abolitionist movement, the Civil Rights Movement, the progressive movement, the labor movement, Transcendentalism, the environmentalist movement, the gay rights movement, the human rights movement, the beatniks and hippies of. Moreover, as the Civil Rights movement dissolved in the late 1960s, leaving in its wake urban riots and an atmosphere of civil unrest, city areas and urban concerns became the subject of increased national, and NPS, attention. 76 Rather than promoting nationalism through the whitewashing of racial issues, NPS was now called upon to directly. Is the court correct in extending civil rights protection to homosexuals or should the matter be left up to the states. Elaborate. Unit 7 Week 33 Chapter 18, 19 - Civil Liberties & Civil Rights Wilson: 18, 19. The Lanahan Readings in the American Polity, 2nd Ed. #81 - Ellen Alderman & Caroline Kennedy - In Our Defense Page 12 - [see page image] 1 11 An Ugly Picture: Civil Rights in Michigan, 1948 As Milton R. Konvitz has noted, it was state action regarding civil rights that helped prepare the ground for a comprehensive and far reaching federal law such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964. At the same time, however, it was the establishment in 1941 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the Committee.

As evidence of this, Reich cites passage of legislation regarding civil rights, the environment, and health and safety issues, (p. 4) Values Espoused Reich identifies and traces three streams of philosophical thought which have shaped American policy making—namely bureaucratic expertise, democratic delib- eration, and utilitarianism Quotations about Homosexuality, Bisexuality, Gender Diversity, and Words of Comfort & Encouragement. Related Quotes Prejudice Adversity Love Human Rights. NOTE: Some of the quotes on this page were submitted to me by visitors, and not all have been verified for original source or wording.I'm working hard to confirm everything, but in the meantime please be aware of the possibility for errors This Land Is Your Land: Woody and Arlo Guthrie. The final montage of the film Woody Guthrie: Hard Travelin', produced by J. Brown. Audio mixed and overdubbed at Long View F RACE WARS, RACISM, EHTNOCENTRISM, XENOPHOBIA, CLASS WARS, RIOTS, AND Y2K Introduction There is a legitimate desire on this forum to discuss how individuals and groups will respond to the possible failures (i.e., banking, business, finance, power, transportation, water, etc.) resulting from the Y2K technology problem and/or popular panic in the face of dreaded expectations

Key Civil Rights Legislation, Court Cases & Activitie

MLK was born on January 15, 1929. In my opinion, he became the most prominent and influential American civil rights leader in the 1950s and 1960s, if not ever. MLK was more than just a pastor. He believed that more could be achieved by civil disobedience and non-violence than by violence Regarding civil society, Ganji uses various definitions and explanations in an eclectic manner and concludes that the reform movement's main objective in Iran should be the expansion of public spheres in the form of various institutions supported by civil society independent of government (Ganji 2000c:253) In fact, the United States had enjoyed an extended period of economic expansion during the war, and following the war the U.S. economy continued with great strength for more than a decade. 1 Life in America, consequently, was arguably better than it had ever been. The middle class had swelled, unemployment rates were some of the lowest in.

The society opposed aspects of the 1960s civil rights movement and claimed the movement had communists in important positions. the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and overstepped individual states' rights to enact laws regarding civil rights. The society opposes one world government, and it has an immigration. The Big Picture Will the civil rights movement ever really be over? Author Christine L. Nemacheck argues that even though many important events in the civil rights movement happened in the 1960s, it is still an ongoing issue today—especially in regard to same-sex marriage They reported that a significant reason for the variance of trends in civil litigation is due to the expansion of civil rights law with the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 amended several federal employment discrimination laws

Following the organized self-defense philosophy espoused by Robert F. Williams in Monroe, N.C., a small group of men in Jonesboro, Louisiana, founded an organization that had great influence in the civil rights movement of the mid-1960s Israel. The Knesset is a unicameral parliament and the supreme authority of the state. Its 120 members are elected by universal suffrage for a four-year term under a system of proportional representation. Basic Law: the Knesset provides for general countryside, direct, equal, secret, and proportional elections The feminist movement is just one very slightly less hostile place, just like other civil rights movements are. So hate the movement all that you want for it's hypocrisy, but don't be too quick in thinking the ideas behind it would be useless Embracing Islam more than 40 years ago, Liwaru was active in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. He worked as a psychologist and educator and served as Captain in the U.S. Army as a behavioral. Lauren Hillary Kimmel | 2011 In this thesis, I explore the various ways that artists of the Feminist Art Movement (1960s-1970s) used so-called central-core, or vaginal, imagery to promote the broader ideas and efforts of the Feminist Movement. For the sake of time and space, I consider only the works of Judy Chicago, one of the first. The Mississippi Sovereignty Commission was a secret state police force operating from 1956 to 1977 to suppress the civil rights movement and maintain segregation. The commission kept files, harassed and branded many as communist infiltrators via agents who were retired FBI, CIA and military intelligence. No one was safe in Mississsippi. A form of the Sovereignty Commission continues today in.