Disaster risk effect of earthquake

The Effects of Natural Disasters | ChildFund

Earthquake Risk Many seismologists have said that earthquakes don't kill people, buildings do. This is because most deaths from earthquakes are caused by buildings or other human construction falling down during an earthquake Public health impact of earthquakes. The main public health threats vary according to the magnitude of the earthquake, the nature of the built environment and the secondary effects of the earthquake (eg. tsunamis, landslides and fires). The effects can be summarized in terms of how they relate to risk factors as follows: Immediate health impac Earthquake Risk. The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) leads the federal government's efforts to reduce the fatalities, injuries and property losses caused by earthquakes. Congress established NEHRP in 1977, directing that four federal agencies coordinate their complementary activities to implement and maintain the program 89 The Effect of Risk Reduction Intervention on Earthquake Disaster Preparedness of the Elderly People Kian Nourozi1, Elmnaz Saeli2*, Hamidreza Khankeh1,3, Seyed Habibollah Kavari4, Pouria Rezasoltani5, Behrouz Fathi6 1. Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran

Earthquake Hazards and Risks - Tulane Universit

EARTHQUAKES - Technical Hazard Sheet - Natural Disaster

Effects of Earthquake. The effects of an earthquake are terrible and devastating. Many building, hospitals, schools, etc are destroyed due to it. A lot of people get killed and injured. Many people lose their money and property. It affects the mental health and emotional health of people. The environmental effects of it are that including. Economic losses from disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and flooding are now reaching an average of US$250 billion to US$300 billion each year for all hazards. Future losses (expected annual losses) are now estimated at US$314 billion as a result of earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones, and flooding in the built environment alone 1. Introduction. China has experienced rapid urbanization in the past three decades. As cities grow in size and complexity, the population and assets located in the limited space in urban areas are exposed to the risk of natural disasters .Recently devastating earthquakes, such as the Wenchuan earthquake in Mainland China in 2008 , , the Haiti earthquake in 2010 , and the Fukushima earthquake.

Most risk analysis focuses on the cascading effects of an earthquake such as landslides, fire or building damage. A recent analysis took this assessment a step further and examined how different communities would be affected by a big earthquake in the Bay Area 1. We can reduce disaster risk. Hazards, such as earthquakes and viruses, hit us with various intensities. We cannot prevent natural earthquakes from happening, but we can reduce the seismic risk by reducing our exposure and vulnerability to the hazards However, global disaster epidemiological patterns show that Asia has the highest frequency of natural disaster occurrences in floods, cyclones and earthquakes. 1 In Asia, with the exception of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, the majority of these large-scale disasters (the 2004 South Indian Ocean Tsunami, the 2005 Pakistan Kashmir. Earthquakes ranging from 4.0 to 5.9 can cause light to moderate damage or shaking, and will easily be felt for some distance from the epicenter. The ones that are truly devastating and are often deemed disastrous are those that are measured at 6.0 or higher.9 They are significantly more intense and the damage they can cause can be severe The Danger: The actual movement of the ground in an earthquake is seldom the direct cause of death or injury. Most casualties result from falling objects and debris which is a result of the earthquake shaking

Earthquake Risk FEMA

The effects of earthquake as a environmental and social impact social impacts of the 12 january environmental hazard an overview mothers as active contributors to How Do Earthquakes Affect Human Life 7 WaysThe Following Ions On E Provided 1 How Is Pacific Ring Of Fire To Brainly PhHow Do Earthquakes Affect The Environment QuoraThe Effect Geographic proximity and disaster experience are consistent predictors of seismic risk perception in the literature. People living in a higher seismic risk area tend to have significant higher perception of earthquake risk (Armas 2008; Tekeli-Yesil et al. 2011) Disaster Risk 16. What causes disaster risk? Disaster Risk Hazards Exposure Vulnerability 17. Hazard - A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life , injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihood and services, social and economic disruption or environmental damage. 18

After a magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal on April 25, 2015, there was just such a response. This disaster caused 8,659 deaths and over 100,000 injuries with more than 500,000 houses and 1,000 health facilities destroyed. The health facilities included primary health care centers, village health posts, and birthing centers (4) In addition to the hundreds of thousands who lost their homes, the earthquake and tsunami contributed to an accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, requiring additional mass evacuations. The impacts not only shook Japan's society and economy as a whole, but also had ripple effects in global supply chains

Effects of Disasters: Risk and Resilience Factors - PTSD

the absence of disaster risk management practices. In addition, an estimate was also done of the impact of the earthquake on households (household water and drainage service; health; 5 Risk management entails the adoption of measures to reduce existing vulnerability The M7.1 earthquake and associated aftershocks have caused extensive impacts on the local built, economic, social, and natural environments. The on-going aftershocks have also caused a disrupted environment in which to recover The three main components to natural disaster risk assessment are (1) hazard or the type of disaster (earthquake, hurricane, etc.); (2) exposure, which refers to a population's layout and economic ability to mitigate the effects of a natural disaster; and (3) vulnerability, which refers to the susceptibility of the exposed elements to the. Recently, contrary evidence was published that indicates that appraisers, lenders, and buyers appear to ignore earthquake hazards, 34 The announcement of a possible future disaster in Mammoth, California, had important effects on property values. 35 Such results suggest that there is a market response to disasters. These studies have little or n Among the disasters earthquakes are by far the most unpredictable and destructible. India has seen some of the greatest earthquakes in the last century. The turning of the century brought devastating Bhuj earthquake in 2001. Earthquakes are a prominent danger in India's disaster profile which has caused huge loss of life and material. The recent Nepal earthquake once again brought forth the.

The full effects of a massive 7.0 earthquake focused on Port-au-Prince in Haiti are still undetermined although fatality rates well in excess of 100,000 are likely given the extent of the catastrophe and the widespread destruction of buildings throughout the Capital. This translates into much higher pre-disaster risk and diminished ability. To reduce disaster risk, it is important to reduce the level of vulnerability and to keep exposure as far away from hazards as possible by relocating populations and property. Figure 1.4 shows how disaster risk can be reduced and indicates the area of disaster risk. The disaster risk shown here is smaller than that shown in Figure 1.3 On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced an unprecedented combination of earthquake/tsunami/nuclear accidents (the Great East Japan Earthquake; GEJE). We sought to identify mental health and psychosocial consequences of this compound disaster. A systematic literature review was conducted of quantitative research articles addressing mental health of survivors and the psychological impact of the GEJE Earthquakes may cause liquefaction, landslides, fire, and tsunami which would lead to far higher level of damage and losses. This module is focused on assessing only earthquake shaking hazard and risk. The assessment of earthquake risk constitutes the first step to support decisions and actions to reduce potential losses

Japan Earthquake and Disaster Risk Reduction

Earthquake is one of the major natural disasters. Every year it causes a huge loss of life and property all around the world. Proper strategies and awareness about disaster management is the need of the hour. This will protect us from the losses and help to cope up with these hazards Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi boast the dubious distinction of having the highest risk of getting hit by a natural disaster -- whether it be a tornado, earthquake or hurricane, according to.

perception of risk of seismic hazard and response to a specific disaster. Selected territory was the town of Kraljevo, which was hit by an earthquake magnitude 5.4 on November 3rd 2010 1. There is a relationship between the type of disaster and its effect on health. This is particularly true of the immediate impact in causing injuries. For example, earthquakes cause many injuries requiring medical care, while floods and tidal waves cause relatively few. 2. Some effects are a potential, rather than an inevitable, threat to health Nuclear plants in California are visibly vulnerable to earthquake risk with one Southern California plant potentially impacting a population over 5 million. More frequent overlap of nuclear power plants and seismic risk is seen in the Southeast as the seismic hazard appears minimal, though not insignificant The 1994 Northridge earthquake and the 1995 Kobe earthquake both occurred in urbanized areas, and provided valuable information (and several surprises) as to how the Bay Area might be affected. While our understanding of seismic events and their physical effects improves, the matrix of risk factors becomes more complicated

the 'ex-ante risk reduction effect' will be generated when the optimal level of DRR investment is made. Lastly, it was determined that providing a continuous DRR investment is important in achieving the global target set forth in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. I vulnerabilities that compound to increase their risk of an earthquake-related natural disaster. Case studies of the 1985 Mexico City and 2017 Puebla earthquakes indicate that Mexico greatly improved their mitigation and preparedness efforts in the last 30+ years. However, there still remain vulnera A comprehensive, crowdsourced disaster risk reduction and management platform by Ateneo and the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). and recovering from the effects of an earthquake assess risk factors relevant to health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM), including: 1. How hazards, exposure, and vulnerability/capacity create disaster risk. 2. The unique challenges of defining, identifying and measuring risk in disaster research. 3. Common issues of validity and quality in causal research in disasters. 4.

Effects of Earthquake : Introduction, Causes, Effects

  1. The probability for an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 or greater in the central U.S. is significant—a 25-40% chance of occurrence in any 50 year time period. An earthquake with a magnitude equal to that of the 1811- 1812 events could result in great loss of life and billions of dollars in economic losses. Scientists believe we may be overdue for.
  2. The Financial Management of Earthquake Risk applies the lessons from the OECD's analysis of disaster risk financing practices and the application of its guidance to the specific case of earthquakes. The report provides an overview of the approaches that economies facing various levels of earthquake risk and economic development have take
  3. Disaster risk is expressed as the likelihood of loss of life, injury or destruction and damage from a disaster in a given period of time. The definition of disaster risk reflects the concept of hazardous events and disasters as the outcome of continuously present conditions of risk. Disaster risk is widely recognized as the consequence of the.
  4. Natural disasters can cause great damage on the environment, property, wildlife and human health. These events may include earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, landslides, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, and extreme temperatures. Natural disasters generally constitute an emergency since they require immediate intervention due to.

Disaster Risk - Direct and indirect losses PreventionWeb

  1. The Triple Disaster had effects on Japan and on the world. And just as a previous natural disaster, the Kobe earthquake of To continue the learning of lessons from Japan for disaster risk.
  2. Vice versa, when assessing the asynergies of flood DRR on earthquake risk, we found that earthquake risk in the flood DRR scenario (0.00020 or 0.02%) is higher than the earthquake risk in the earthquake DRR scenario (0.00015 or 0.015%). It is important to note that the total absolute AAL value is highest in the flood DRR scenario
  3. An earthquake is a natural phenomenon like rain. Earthquakes have occurred for billions of years. Descriptions as old as recorded history show the significant effects they have had on people's lives. Records of earthquakes in Jamaica date back to the 16th century where Europeans were the first to keep records of such events
  4. resources available that describe past incident effects and response. Earthquakes do not pose a significant risk for every community and those communities that could be affected by earthquakes have different risk levels, different hazards or cascading events, and different levels of existing community preparedness and mitigation
  5. In preparation for a potential earthquake disaster, USAID has worked over 20 years supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) efforts in Nepal. USAID's support enabled partners to strengthen earthquake response capacity at the local and national levels in collaboration with the Government of Nepal (GoN), nongovernmental organizations, private companies, and local communities

Managing Risk 10 Years After the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami Renee Lee December 05, 2014 Rupturing over 1,200 km of the Sunda Trench, the magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated between M9.0 and M9.3—with the U.S. Geological Survey's Centennial Earthquake Catalog estimating M9.1 The April 2015 Nepal Earthquake, also known as the Gorka Earthquake, shook Nepal on 25 April with a magnitude of 7.8 leaving over 8,800 people dead and 23,000 injured.A major aftershock with a magnitude of 7.3 followed on 12 May killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 2,500 people. The earthquake also increased the risk of landslides and spread of disease epidemics in the country. Disaster Education, which includes education on disaster risk, mitigation and preparedness, strategies, is one approach to reducing the negative consequences of disaster (Smith, 1993: Mulyasati et, al. 2011). it is imperative to increase the knowledge and attitude of people regarding the natural and man-made disaster in order to make them.

Addressing cascading effects of earthquakes in urban areas

Who is most vulnerable during a major Northern California

WWF's Environment and Disaster Management program is lending a hand by working to reduce risk and vulnerability for people and the environment. The government of Nepal requested our assistance to conduct an assessment of the environment in order to better understand the direct impacts of the earthquake on the environment, and the potential. News UN experts find 'no harmful effects' from Fukushima nuclear disaster. Researchers found that the 2011 nuclear catastrophe had not harmed the health of local residents or increased the risk of.

Five things to know about Disaster Risk Reduction EOS

  1. Earthquake risk in Dhaka Effects of earthquake in Bangladesh Earthquake risk mitigation in Bangladesh Conclusion Shaking of the earth caused by the sudden displacement of rock blocks along plate boundaries and faults. Reasons can be natural or human activities. The most common scale used for measuring an earthquake is Richter Scale
  2. Political impact of earthquakes. The relation between natural disasters and politics has been widely discussed as disasters could influence states' policy making, and earthquakes are not an exception. Approximately 12,000-14,000 earthquakes are located by the National Earthquake Information Center every year (Incorporated Research Institution.
  3. In addition, EEWS can be better considered in risk management, emergency planning, disaster management, climate change adaptation, and risk communication in order to reduce Natech risks. Such a system is based on state of the art technology using rapid telemetric analysis of the initial seismic waves generated by an earthquake, detected from a.
  4. The effects of an earthquake can be reduced by a number of ways, meaning many peoples of lives can be saved. How can people reduce the effects of earthquakes For any natural disaster there are a number of different prevention techniques that can help stop the deaths of many
  5. gs may be imperiling the response. Last Friday, the country was hit by a devastating mega-earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster. It will take weeks to fully assess the.
  6. We lack appropriate legislations for disaster risk reduction and management and also the policies relating to occupational and worksites' safety for local and foreign workers. The serious problem during Nepal earthquake was the lack of coordination among the service providers and government authorities that led to duplication and missed actions
  7. Each country risk profile contains information on flood and earthquake risk at a national and provincial level - similar to the ThinkHazard! Online Tool . For example, a ranking of countries by annual average GDP affected by floods and earthquakes shows that the country with the highest annual average affected GDP is the Russian Federation.

Scientific evidence on natural disasters and health

The Category of Geophysical Disasters in Disaster Risk

Key links: International Day of Disaster Risk Reduction, 13 October 2016 - Live to tell! CBM on the Ecuador Earthquake of 16 April 2016 (questions and answers on the earthquake here) Realizing a. Disaster risk at heritage sites is in part a function of their exposure to hazards that are determined by their natural and technological environment (e.g. earthquake- or flood-prone areas, industrialized zones, human-activity etc.)

In evaluations made so far for a possible earthquake in Istanbul, the year 2000, when the new regulations and laws went into effect, is taken as a landmark in terms of building construction disaster needs assessment (PDNA), estimates are already being made about the potential impact. The speculation on the impact of the disaster is mostly based on the country's vulnerability to the earthquake. 2.1) Effects on the Peopl The effects of an earthquake start on the impact stage because this disaster cannot be foreseen. Instead, a hurricane or a volcano eruption can be foreseen, as it is possible to know when a hurricane is approaching or a volcano has become active

Rather, disaster impacts might only produce a different set of victims and grievances and, therefore, a minor variation on the prevailing political agenda (Morrow & Peacock, 1997). Emergency Management Interventions. As Figure 6-1 indicates, there are three types of preimpact interventions that can effect reductions in disaster impacts Hazard vs. Disaster . Earthquakes, floods, hurricanes and volcano eruptions are all types of natural hazards, but when do they become natural disasters? The difference is the events' effects on people. When a typhoon strikes a populated island in the Philippines, destroying homes and lives, it becomes a disaster circumstances, the emerging risk may be correlated with other factors that emerge at the same time making isolation of the effect of the new risk problematic. We utilise a natural experiment, the 2010-11 Christchurch (Canterbury Region) earthquake sequence, as a source of new risk information to households in New Zealand. The earthquakes in Reducing Earthquake Risk in Chile 83 1 Context 83 This metropolis suffered one of its worst floods, the effect of which was particularly severe because of the limiting disaster risk, practicing risk-sensitive land use management has become more importan

When a hazard event (such as a drought, flood, cyclone, earthquake or tsunami) occurs, triggering a loss of life and damage to infrastructure, it highlights the reality that society and its assets are vulnerable to such events. When discussing disaster risk management, a disaster can highlight the following in a community:The geographical area where the community is settled is exposed to such. II. 2015 NEPAL EARThqUAkE 2 III. EARThqUAkE EFFECTS ON hOUSEhOLDS 4 A. Types of Household Damage 4 B. Value of Household Damage 4 C. Pre-Earthquake Household Income 5 D. Initial Relief Assistance 6 Iv. DISASTER RISk REDUCTION AND LIvELIhOOD RESTORATION FOR EARThqUAkE-AFFECTED COMMUNITIES PROjECT 6 A. Small Farmers Development Bank 6 B. The. a. Disaster Risk b. Effects of Disaster c. Phases of Disaster d. Categories of Disaster 11. It involves the identification and mapping of the elements at risk and the assessment of people, animals and plants that may be affected? a. Disaster Risk b. Exposure c. Risk Assessment d The most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Japan, the magnitude-9 disaster off the north-east coast in March 2011, shifted the earth's axis by up to 25cm and moved the country's main island. earthquake. Injuries and deaths are generally increased with the magnitude of the earthquake, increased ground motion, and structural damage. (8) If an earthquake occurs at night, there is a greater incidence of trauma to the pelvis, thorax, and spine. This is because most victims are lying down in bed at the time of the disaster. Thes

Reducing risk. There are several aspects to disaster risk reduction: Disaster mitigation - Structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards; for example, planting mangroves to reduce the risk posed by tidal surges or raising awareness of natural hazards through school-based education projects Figure 9 highlights some of the major earthquakes that have affected the state in the past 50 years. For example, in 1989, the Bay Area was affected by the Loma Prieta earthquake, which resulted in 63 deaths and over 3,700 injuries. Another major earthquake came in 1994, when the Northridge earthquake caused 57 deaths and close to 12,000 injuries Levels of Risk. In developing the records disaster recovery plan, agency officials should assess the varying intensity of each risk to which their records may be subject. Risks may range from minor flooding affecting only one or two offices in a facility to a major earthquake that causes significant damage to an entire region The total value of disaster effects (damages and losses) earthquakes is estimated to be about NRs. 706 billion (US$ 7 billion) that is equivalent to about one third of the Gross Domestic Product.

Earthquake Safety & Preparedness - CUSE

for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. As the world embarks on the pursuit of the SDGs, the quest to build greater resilience to natural disasters will become highly relevant to more and more countries. No one should be left behind to face a natural disaster. Volunteers have a vital role to play as facilitators in buildin Multi-risk assessment involves the inclusion of hazard and risk interactions within the modeling of the disaster risk chain. These interactions include more than one disastrous event at the same time, cascading events, and how changes in exposure and vulnerability arise over time, including as a result of previous events Background On 25th April 2015, Nepal experienced a 7.8 magnitude earthquake, followed by countless aftershocks. Nearly 9000 people were killed and over 600,000 homes destroyed. Given the high frequency of earthquake and other natural hazards in Nepal, disaster preparedness is crucial. However, evidence suggests that some people exposed to prior disasters do not engage in risk reduction, even. Disaster risk reduction is a proactive approach. DRR represents a major shift from a reactive to a proactive approach, with disaster risks identified, assessed and addressed as part of long-term development. Our work promotes DRR at policy levels through child-centred standards for schools, municipal services and risk-informed development planning

• Cities in industrialized countries are also at risk: the 1995 Kobe earthquake killed 6300 people and incurred financial losses of $ 100 billion - the costliest disaster ever. • Before 1987, there was only one disaster that cost insurance companies $1 billion This new working paper focuses on the perceptions of communities on the role of ecosystems for disaster risk reduction (DRR), particularly in the context of the 3/11 tsunami in Japan. The research was carried out in the region of Sendai over a two month period in July and August 2012. A desk-based study was conducted to review the institutional setup and mechanisms for Japan's risk reduction. The 2005 Kashmir Earthquake is illustrative of the intensity and scope associated with catastrophic earthquake disasters in mountainous regions. The experience of the immediate aftermath, relief and recovery, and community reconstruction underscores how this event impacted mountain women, particularly in their roles in rescue and relief efforts and in rebuilding households and communities. A.

Describe How An Earthquake Affects Family Society And The

Disaster risk reduction covers non-climate related disasters such as earthquakes. But it also addresses climate-related disasters such as floods, droughts, cyclones and storm surges. With climate change predicted to increase the frequency and/or intensity of climate-related hazards and effects, populations already exposed to those hazards and. Japan Disaster Shakes Up Supply-Chain Strategies. The recent natural disaster in Japan brought to light the fragile nature of the global supply chain. Professor Willy Shih discusses how companies should be thinking about their supply-chain strategy now. The full cultural and sociological aftershocks of the earthquake in Japan—the worst.

The effects of trust in government on earthquake survivors

Sociology of disaster or sociological disaster research is a sub-field of sociology that explores the social relations amongst both natural and human-made disasters. Its scope includes local, national, and global disasters - highlighting these as distinct events that are connected by people through created displacement, trauma, and loss. These connections, whether that is as a survivor. Harnessing the psychology of risk perception to motivate people to prepare for earthquakes is of pressing importance given that scientists expect a full rupture on the Cascadia fault to produce the worst natural disaster in the history of North America (Schulz, 2015) Earthquake, any sudden shaking of the ground caused by the passage of seismic waves through Earth's rocks. Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. Learn more about the causes and effects of earthquakes in this article Although previous studies have shown an acute effect of a natural disaster, such as an earthquake or hurricane, on blood pressure control, there are few longitudinal studies examining the associations between a disaster and risk of hypertension within a population The secondary effects are the effects that occur directly as a result of this earthquake shaking and energy release, i.e., the onset of a tsunami wave, or a landslide. Another such tertiary effect is an epidemic or starvation due to the effects of the earthquake

Mitigation — actions taken to prevent or reduce the risk to life, property, social and economic activities, and natural resources from natural hazards — is central to the Decade initiative.Awareness, education, preparedness, and prediction and warning systems can reduce the disruptive impacts of a natural disaster on communities An earthquake is a shifting of the earth's plates, which results in a sudden mild to strong shaking of the ground. The shaking may be sideways, up and down, or wave-like, and can occur over very large regions. Earthquakes can last from a few seconds to several minutes and usually start with a rumbling noise that can be low in volume or as. Japan's earthquake and tsunami: International trade and global supply chain impacts. Hubert Escaith, Robert Teh, Alexander Keck, Coleman Nee 28 April 2011. The consequences of the tragic disaster in Japan are many. This column examines the trade effects. It suggests that Japanese exports will fall by 0.5-1.6% and its imports will rise by 0.4. Introduction. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework), adopted by the UN General Assembly (New York, USA) in June 2015, places a strong emphasis on health. A main goal of the Sendai Framework is the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural, and environmental.

Disaster Risk Reduction and Management and Earthquake

Earthquake intensity decreases with increasing distance away from an earthquake; The Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) scale is commonly used to describe the damage and felt effects of an earthquake at a given location; MMI is a qualitative assessment of earthquake effects on structures and peopl Make an Earthquake Plan. Plan effectively for you and your family in case of an emergency. Be Informed. Understand your risk for earthquakes in your area and what you must know to stay safe. Learn the Seven Steps to Earthquake Safety. You can prepare, survive and recover from an earthquake by following the Seven Steps to Earthquake Safety Seismologic and paleotsunami studies have projected a high risk of future large earthquakes and tsunamis surrounding the 2011 source region along the Japan Trench. Considering that low-frequency but large tsunamis have caused extraordinarily intensive and extensive damage, studies based on geology, archaeology, and history are invaluable for.

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